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Tips on Growing Walnut Trees

Wood from walnut trees is used for producing fine furniture and their nuts are delicious and highly nutritious. On hot days, the large, arched limbs of the walnut tree provide lots of shade.

Instructions for Growing Of Walnuts

Many walnut trees that can be found growing in the United States attain a height of over 50 feet, with similarity in width. Most commonly, the varieties to be found in the United States are the Persian and English black, which provide nuts and shade. 50 to 80 pounds of nuts is the average annual production capacity of a mature tree. With large, delicious nuts, the Persian walnut tree is the most common in California. Several cultivars exist, including Chandler, Ashley, Pedro, Howard, Hartley, Serr Vina, Tehama and Sunland. To avoid being affected by blight, all these cultivars leaf in late spring. Adapted to climates in the Mediterranean, Persian walnuts may not be the best choice for every area. To grow walnuts, you need between 140 and 150 days every year where the temperatures are between -2 and -6 C (27 and 29 F).
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How to Plant the Trees
What I Can Teach You About Plants

Planting your walnut tree is the next step after choosing the variety of walnut you want. Tilling about 12 square feet up to a depth of 10 inches or more will get rid of grass and weeds which would compete with your tree for nutrients and water. After this, dig a hole that is about 1 or 2 inches larger than the root ball of your walnut seedling. Place your seedling in the hole up to the same depth as its pot or bury its roots about 2 inches below the ground. After you fill in the hole, you should tamp down to ensure that there are no air pockets left around the seedling’s roots. Next, water the walnut plant, moistening the soil without soaking it.

Care for Walnut Trees

Unless there is drying out of the top two inches of the soil, there is no need to constantly water your walnut seedling thanks to the plant’s extensive network of roots. A maturing walnut tree does not require any pruning unless its branches are damaged or dead. Mulch the tree as needed every spring.

Harvest of Walnuts

It is essential to be patient. Until they are roughly 10 years old, walnut trees do not produce any nuts, and their peak only comes at about 30 years of age. What are the signs that the walnuts are ready for harvest? A light tan color tells you that Persian walnuts are ready to be harvested. A limb shaker that has a window for collection of nuts is the most common harvesting tool used by commercial walnut producers depending on the tree’s size. However, a home grower can simply shake the tree branches and collect fallen nuts.